Chávez and American integration (2013)

This chapter explains the historical foundations of the large regional organisations built in Latin America in the early twenty-first century, and the critical role played by Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez. Without Chávez, the continent may not have seen ALBA (for Bolivarian Alliance for the Americas), UNASUR (for Union of South American Nations), or CELAC (for Community of Latin American and Caribbean States). Yet all these groupings have important historical antecedents, living memories embedded in the postcolonial and neocolonial history of the region. Continue reading “Chávez and American integration (2013)”

Economic crisis and reintegration: The emerging regional variants (2012)

What is happening to ‘globalisation’? The current multi-faceted crisis is transformational, driving deep structural changes. As Ghosh has pointed out, the growth of regionalism is one key outcome of the “contradictory dynamics of globalisation” (Ghosh and Guven, 2006). By this antithetical process, the post-war, US dominated economic order is being steadily replaced by a multipolar system with distinct trading norms, currencies and forms of integration. What will this new system look like? Continue reading “Economic crisis and reintegration: The emerging regional variants (2012)”