Public investment in youth (2018)

This chapter examines key issues revolving around public investment in youth education and training linked to the development of a solidarity economy and social enterprises in Timor-Leste. It also focuses on appropriate ways government financing might be used to support incubators for social enterprises among youth. Continue reading “Public investment in youth (2018)”

Partnerships for self-determination: The Cuba-Timor health cooperation (2018)

This paper uses the Cuban Timor Leste health partnership to illustrate desirable principles in aid partnerships. For all its problems, Timor Leste has graduated one thousand doctors in the past decade, created clinics in all rural districts and has seen substantial improvements in some critical health indicators. Over this period, Cuba was by far the most important partner in health training and health services. We consider what it was about this partnership that facilitated substantial gains in both human capacity and human development. Continue reading “Partnerships for self-determination: The Cuba-Timor health cooperation (2018)”

Human development strategy in small states (2017)

What are the human development opportunities and challenges for small states in a multi-polar world? An answer to this question must consider human development strategies at large, the constraints imposed by neoliberal globalism and better practice in recent times. Small states have particular vulnerabilities but may also benefit from realignments within new regional blocs. Continue reading “Human development strategy in small states (2017)”

‘Papua New Guinean Ways’: Hybrid livelihoods and human development (2015)

Policy complexity sometimes masks consistent and enduring concerns. What really are the key developmental priorities for a country with tremendous wealth in natural resources, yet a substantial history of resource mismanagement? Similarly, while any country’s greatest resource is its people, in PNG there have been failures to invest in human development. We know that some countries with few resources (e.g. Japan, Singapore and Cuba) have successfully upgraded their productive capacities, by investing heavily in their people. Continue reading “‘Papua New Guinean Ways’: Hybrid livelihoods and human development (2015)”

¿Por qué importa la desigualdad? Del economicismo a la integridad social (2015)

La falta de consenso existente en torno a la desigualdad contrasta con el aparente consenso construido alrededor de la necesidad de eliminar la pobreza. Se estudia la desigualdad por una diversidad de razones: para identiicar sus fuentes, sus consecuencias, el grado en el que la desigualdad es deseable, los vínculos dinámicos entre desigualdad y pobreza, o tratando de discernir las grandes fuerzas estructurales que la impulsan. Sin embargo, se presta poca atención a la objeción principal ante la desigualdad. Continue reading “¿Por qué importa la desigualdad? Del economicismo a la integridad social (2015)”

Human development, the state and participation (2014)

Human development should be seen as a broad, emancipatory and social process, rather than the mere expansion of individual choices or ‘capabilities’. In post-colonial nations, a strong ‘human development enabling’ state is necessary to build basic human capacity, such as in health, education, shelter and nutrition; and then to promote popular participation. This requirement can be seen in a range of historical experience and is reflected in the declaration on the right to development. Continue reading “Human development, the state and participation (2014)”

Aid: Is it worth it? (2012)

Aid worldwide runs at more than $120 billion per year (World Bank 2011a), yet there is very little correlation between this expenditure and the often stated goal of poverty reduction. The failures of aid are legion. Yet this ‘development assistance’ has become a massive and semi-permanent global industry which in western countries is often erroneously equated with ‘development’. Nothing could be further from the truth. Aid programs, despite the stated good intentions, certain deserve some critical scrutiny. Continue reading “Aid: Is it worth it? (2012)”

Development Strategy (2012)

Since independence, Timor-Leste has formed its own hybrid development strategies, through a National Development Plan and the distinct practices of two different governments. These hybrids incorporate mixed ideas from economic liberal, developmental state, and human development traditions. Yet the language and practice of development strategy have not always matched, and both are changing. Continue reading “Development Strategy (2012)”

Economic crisis and reintegration: The emerging regional variants (2012)

What is happening to ‘globalisation’? The current multi-faceted crisis is transformational, driving deep structural changes. As Ghosh has pointed out, the growth of regionalism is one key outcome of the “contradictory dynamics of globalisation” (Ghosh and Guven, 2006). By this antithetical process, the post-war, US dominated economic order is being steadily replaced by a multipolar system with distinct trading norms, currencies and forms of integration. What will this new system look like? Continue reading “Economic crisis and reintegration: The emerging regional variants (2012)”

Agricultural liberalisation and its ‘high risks’ for food security (2011)

Agricultural liberalisation has played an important part in preparing the ground for the sustained food crisis we face. The WTO’s Agreement on Agriculture helped increase food trade, but did not alleviate global hunger. Then, with strong food price rises, global hunger increased strongly. What responsibility is there for a process which has argued a ‘food security’ which opposes local production and promotes global exchange? Continue reading “Agricultural liberalisation and its ‘high risks’ for food security (2011)”