Public investment in youth (2018)

This chapter examines key issues revolving around public investment in youth education and training linked to the development of a solidarity economy and social enterprises in Timor-Leste. It also focuses on appropriate ways government financing might be used to support incubators for social enterprises among youth. Continue reading “Public investment in youth (2018)”

Cuba, Oceania and a ‘Canberra Spring’ (2018)

Cuban engagement with Timor-Leste and the Pacific islands, particularly through powerful health cooperation programs, has helped reshape regional geopolitics. Most of the key initiatives came from the period when Fidel Castro was head of government, with strong continuity under Raúl Castro. The Caribbean island’s medical cooperation with Timor-Leste, from 2003 onward, was the most powerful and successful move, transforming the health system of that new nation. Continue reading “Cuba, Oceania and a ‘Canberra Spring’ (2018)”

Lessons from the Iranian Revolution (2015)

Any mature understanding of the history of other peoples, and in particular the former colonies, has to dispense with the absurd fiction of western ‘altruism’ and refocus on both imperial history and its most important anti-thesis, the right of peoples to self-determination, as embodied in all genuine liberation and anti-colonial movements. Continue reading “Lessons from the Iranian Revolution (2015)”

Land and livelihood economics in Papua New Guinea – Shifting the paradigm (2014)

One of the most persistent myths in development is that people linked to traditional lifestyles must be in a process of ‘moving from subsistence to the cash economy’. This expression comes not only from finance agencies (for example, World Bank 1962) but also from analysts with greater sensitivity to livelihoods. Continue reading “Land and livelihood economics in Papua New Guinea – Shifting the paradigm (2014)”

Chávez and American integration (2013)

This chapter explains the historical foundations of the large regional organisations built in Latin America in the early twenty-first century, and the critical role played by Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez. Without Chávez, the continent may not have seen ALBA (for Bolivarian Alliance for the Americas), UNASUR (for Union of South American Nations), or CELAC (for Community of Latin American and Caribbean States). Yet all these groupings have important historical antecedents, living memories embedded in the postcolonial and neocolonial history of the region. Continue reading “Chávez and American integration (2013)”

Development Strategy (2012)

Since independence, Timor-Leste has formed its own hybrid development strategies, through a National Development Plan and the distinct practices of two different governments. These hybrids incorporate mixed ideas from economic liberal, developmental state, and human development traditions. Yet the language and practice of development strategy have not always matched, and both are changing. Continue reading “Development Strategy (2012)”

Economic crisis and reintegration: The emerging regional variants (2012)

What is happening to ‘globalisation’? The current multi-faceted crisis is transformational, driving deep structural changes. As Ghosh has pointed out, the growth of regionalism is one key outcome of the “contradictory dynamics of globalisation” (Ghosh and Guven, 2006). By this antithetical process, the post-war, US dominated economic order is being steadily replaced by a multipolar system with distinct trading norms, currencies and forms of integration. What will this new system look like? Continue reading “Economic crisis and reintegration: The emerging regional variants (2012)”

Agricultural liberalisation and its ‘high risks’ for food security (2011)

Agricultural liberalisation has played an important part in preparing the ground for the sustained food crisis we face. The WTO’s Agreement on Agriculture helped increase food trade, but did not alleviate global hunger. Then, with strong food price rises, global hunger increased strongly. What responsibility is there for a process which has argued a ‘food security’ which opposes local production and promotes global exchange? Continue reading “Agricultural liberalisation and its ‘high risks’ for food security (2011)”

Land reform in Timor Leste: Why the constitution is worth defending (2010)

International aid agencies have moved into the land debate in Timor Leste, at a time when controversy rages over proposed leases of large tracts of land to foreign biofuel companies and a proposed new land law. The leases, and their potential alienation of agricultural land, were initiated in the middle of a serious food crisis, when the AMP government was financing a number of private contracts for rice import and distribution – themselves subject to corruption claims. Continue reading “Land reform in Timor Leste: Why the constitution is worth defending (2010)”